Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies which includes lakes, rivers, oceans, and groundwater. Pollution of water due to human activity is a major issue, especially as we ramp up our production of potentially harmful substances. Not only does water pollution result in contaminated water, but it also hurts the wildlife that depends on safe water for survival.
Water pollution and misuse has been damaging marine life, ecosystems and biodiversity, ultimately affecting human health as well. And one of the best ways to prevent the huge impact is to avoid and prevent water pollution at the source.
While there is no single shortcut to stop water pollution, there are a number of things that we can do in our daily lifestyle to reduce water pollution. The best way to clean the polluted water is not to clean the polluted water but to stop polluting.
Here are some small and simple steps we can take to prevent and minimise water pollution:
Saving or conserving water will result in less amount of water entering sewage systems; leading to lesser contamination. Keeping a sharp eye on water usage is important.
Avoid Throwing Chemicals
Substances like paint, oil, acid and others in your sink or toilet can damage water and act as pollutant. Instead, reuse or safely dispose these items.
Keep Water Bodies Clean
Do not litter and throw garbage in water bodies and try to find a waste bin to discard garbage and waste.
Use Natural Pesticides and Fertilisers
The chemicals in pesticides and fertilisers seep into the ground water and ultimately end up in larger water bodies, causing large scale pollution. Using compost and natural manure can help in solving this.
Another simple method of preventing water pollution is using natural and organic body and skin care products that do not pollute water when you wash them off.